Lee Ufan

Lee Ufan

Untitled 1980

Untitled 1980

Untitled 1980

Lee Ufan (Kyongnam, Corea, 1936)

Lee Ufan nasce nel 1936 a Kyongnam, Corea del Sud, ma si trasferisce presto in Giappone, dove nel 1961 si laurea in filosofia presso la Nihon University a Tokyo.

Riconosciuto internazionalmente come uno dei protagonisti di Tansaekhwa, la scuola coreana di pittura monocromatica degli anni Settanta, egli è stato anche la mente teorica del movimento giapponese Mono-ha (“La scuola delle cose”), nel cui ambito ha sviluppato la sua poetica guardando a una pratica focalizzata sui materiali naturali e industriali e il loro rapporto con lo spazio.

Relatum, Dialogue e Correspondence sono i titoli delle serie che sviluppa a partire dagli anni Ottanta e che esemplificano (come suggeriscono i loro stessi nomi) i concetti chiave dell’opera di Lee Ufan. I Relatum sono sculture minimali che accostano massi di pietra e lastre di acciaio realizzate a partire dal termine filosofico che indica cose o eventi tra i quali esiste una relazione. Dialogue e Correspondence esplorano pittoricamente il principio dello yohaku, la vacuità, lo spazio riecheggiante. Nei dipinti di queste serie, infatti, la tela diviene uno spazio che, toccato da una pennellata leggera di colore a olio misto a pigmento minerale, vibra come un tamburo fatto risuonare in un ambiente vuoto. Il quadro senza cornice instaura, inoltre, un dialogo con la parete, espandendo la propria energia in una relazione tra parti dipinte e parti che non lo sono, interno ed esterno.

Queste serie sono state precedute negli anni Settanta da quelle intitolate From Point e From Line, quest'ultima caratterizzata da singole pennellate che scendono dall’alto al basso su una tela bianca o gialla: una pittura costruita in un modo disciplinato, quasi rituale, dove ogni linea viene creata usando movimenti ripetitivi e fluidi, depositando gradualmente la vernice fino al suo quasi esaurimento, dal pieno al vuoto, in un lavoro “Che non è mai totalmente completo, perché non esiste perfezione o completezza” (Lee Ufan intervistato da Martin Gayford, Apollo Magazine, 2015).

Nel 2010 il Lee Ufan Museum viene inaugurato presso il Benesse Art Site dell'isola di Naoshima in Giappone. Il museo, costruito da Tadao Ando, raccoglie opere scultoree e pittoriche dell'artista dagli anni Settanta a oggi, compreso il gigantesco arco d'acciaio originariamente installato nel parco della reggia di Versailles per la personale dell'artista nel 2014.

Le opere di Lee Ufan sono presenti nelle collezioni del Centre Georges Pompidou di Parigi, del Museum of Modern Art di New York, del Seoul Museum of Arts e della Tate Gallery di Londra, tra gli altri.

Attualmente l'artista vive e lavora tra Kamakura, Giappone e Parigi, Francia.

Lee Ufan (Kyongnam, Korea, 1936)

Lee Ufan was born in 1936 in Kyongnam, South Korea, but soon moved to Japan, where he graduated with a degree in Philosophy from Nihon University, Tokyo, in 1961.

Internationally recognised as one of the protagonists of Tansaekhwa, the Korean school of monochromatic painting of the 1970s, he was also the theoretical mastermind of the Japanese Mono-ha movement ("School of Things"), in which he developed a practice focused on natural and industrial materials and their relationship with space.

Relatum, Dialogue and Correspondence are the titles of the series that he has developed since the 1980s and which exemplify (as their names suggest) the key concepts of Lee Ufan's work. The Relatum are minimal sculptures that combine stone boulders and steel slabs, made from the philosophical term that indicates things or events that are in relationship to one another. Dialogue and Correspondence pictorially explore the principle of yohaku, emptiness, resonant space. In the paintings of these series, the canvas becomes a space that, touched by a light brushstroke of colour with oil mixed with mineral pigment, vibrates like a drum resonating in an empty environment. The frameless canvas also establishes a dialogue with the wall, expanding its energy in a relationship between painted parts and those parts that are not, internal and external.

These series were preceded in the 1970s by those entitled From Point and From Line, the latter characterised by individual brushstrokes that descend from top to bottom on a white or yellow canvas: a painting built in a disciplined, almost ritual way, where each line is created using repetitive and fluid movements, gradually depositing the paint until its almost used up, from full to empty, in a work "That is never totally complete because there is no perfection or completeness" (Lee Ufan interviewed by Martin Gayford, Apollo Magazine, 2015)

In 2010, the Lee Ufan Museum opened at the Benesse Art Site on Naoshima Island in Japan. The museum, built by Tadao Ando, collects sculptural and pictorial works by the artist from the 1970s to the present day, including the gigantic steel arch originally installed in the park of the Palace of Versailles for the artist's exhibition in 2014.

Lee Ufan's works are in the collections of the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Seoul Museum of Arts and the Tate Gallery in London, among others.

The artist currently lives and works between Kamakura, Japan and Paris, France.

Esposizioni personali / Personal exhibitions

2019
Washington, D.C., Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
New York, Dia Beacon
Paris, Cahiers d’Art

2018 
London, Serpentine Galleries

2017    
New York, Pace Gallery,
Tours, Centre de Création Contemporaine Olivier Debré,
Éveux, Couvent de La Tourette,

2016
St. Petersburg, Hermitage Museum
Le Puy-Sainte-Réparade, Château La Coste
Manufacture nationale de Sèvres
Siena, Castello di Ama

2015
London, Lisson Gallery
Venice, Palazzo Contarini Polignac
New York, Pace Gallery
London, Pace Gallery
Hong Kong, Pace Gallery

2014
Château de Versailles
Tokyo, Kaikai Kiki Gallery
Moscow, Tatintsian Gallery

2013   
Arles, Le Capitole, “Les Rencontres d’Arles”
Paris, Musée de la Chasse et de la Nature
Paris, Galerie Kamel Mennour

2012  
Houston, Asia Society Texas Center

2011    
Salzburg, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac
New York, Guggenheim Museum
Tokyo, SCAI The Bathhouse Gallery
Seoul,  Gallery Hyundai

2010  
Los Angeles, Blum & Poe
Madrid, Galería Elvira González

2009  
Seoul, Kukje Gallery
Paris, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac

2008  
Brussels, Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium
Berlin, Dahlem Museum
New York, Pace Wildenstein,
Tokyo, Tokyo Gallery
London, Lisson Gallery

2007
Vienna, Galerie nächst St. Stephan
Venice, Resonance, 52nd Venice Biennale, Palazzo Palumbo Fossati
Tokyo, SCAI The Bathhouse Gallery

2006    
Antwerp, Galerie Micheline Szwajcer
Paris, IBU Gallery
Galerie m, Bochum
Busan, Konggan Gallery
Tokyo, Shirota Gallery
Tokyo, Gallery Muramatsu

2005  
Yokohama, Yokohama Museum of Art
Saint-Étienne, Musée d’Art Moderne

2004  
Saint-Louis, Espace d’Art Contemporain Fernet-Branca
London, Lisson Gallery

2003
Seoul, Samsung Museum of Contemporary Art
Seoul, Gallery Hyundai

2002    
Tokyo, SCAI The Bathhouse Gallery

2001
Bonn, Kunstmuseum
Daegu, Sigong Gallery
Busan, Konggan Gallery
Tokyo, Shirota Gallery

2000    
Bochum, Galerie m
Busan, Konggan Gallery

1999    
Paris, Galerie Liliane & Michel Durand-Dessert
Tokyo, Kamakura Gallery
Tokyo, Tokyo Gallery

1998    
Frankfurt, Städtisches Museum im Städel
Tokyo,  Mitaka City Gallery of Art
Niigata, Niigata City Art Museum
Daegu, Sigong Gallery
 Tokyo, Shirota Gallery

1997    
Seoul, Gallery Bhak
Tokyo, Space Shimoda
Paris, Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume
Milan, Lorenzelli Arte
Seoul, Gallery Hyundai

1996  
London, Lisson Gallery
Paris, Galerie J. Moussion
Busan, Konggan Gallery
Tokyo, Tokyo Gallery

1995
Leverkusen, Städtisches Museum
Paris, Galerie de Paris
Bochum, Galerie m
Tokyo, Tokyo Gallery

1994
Milan, Fondazione Mudima
Seoul, The National Museum of Contemporary Art
Seoul, Inkong Gallery

1993
Kamakura, The Museum of Modern Art
Tokyo, Tokyo Gallery
Tokyo, Shirota Gallery
1992
Busan, Konggan Gallery
Paris, Galerie de Paris

1991    
Milan, Lorenzelli Arte
Gunma, Hara Museum ARC
Seoul, Inkong Gallery
Tokyo, Tokyo Gallery
Tokyo, Gallery Ueda

1990    
Seoul, Inkong Gallery
Tokyo, Kamakura Gallery,
Seoul, Gallery Hyundai

1989    
Paris, Galerie de Paris
Bochum, Galerie m.
Tokyo, Gallery Ueda
Tokyo, Tokyo Gallery
Tokyo, Shirota Gallery

1988  
Gifu, The Museum of Fine Arts
Berlin, Galerie Anselm Dreher
Berlin, Padiglione d’Arte Contemporanea, Milan

1987    
Seoul, Gallery Hyundai

1986  
Paris, Galerie de Paris 
Tokyo, Gallery Ueda
Tokyo, Tokyo Gallery
Tokyo, Shirota Gallery

1985    
Tokyo, Kamakura Gallery

1984
Paris, Galerie de Paris
Seoul, Gallery Hyundai
Tokyo, Shirota Gallery

1983    
Tokyo, Gallery Ueda 
Tokyo, Tokyo Gallery

1982  
Milan, Studio Marconi

1981    
Tokyo, Shirota Gallery

1980
Tokyo, Gallery Ueda
Tokyo, Tokyo Gallery
Paris, Galerie Éric Fabre

1979
Nagoya, Gallery Takagi
Tokyo, Gallery Muramatsu
Seoul, Jin Gallery
Marl, Skulpturenmuseum Glaskasten

1978    
Seoul, Gallery Hyundai
Bochum, Galerie m
Düsseldorf, Kunsthalle
Humlebæk, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art
Antwerp, The Antwerp Gallery
Tokyo, Shirota Gallery

1977    
Tokyo, Tokyo Gallery
Paris, Galerie Éric Fabre
 
1976
Antwerp, Spectrum Gallery
Bochum, Galerie m,

1975
Paris, Galerie Éric Fabre

1974
Tokyo, Tamura Gallery

1973    
Tokyo, Tokyo Gallery

1972  
Seoul, Myong-Dong Gallery

1971    
Tokyo, Pinar Gallery

1970    
Tokyo, Tamura Gallery

1967  
Tokyo, Sato Gallery